The Newcomer's Guide to Choosing a Sponsor
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The Newcomer’s Guide to Choosing a Sponsor

The process of developing an addiction differs for everyone because there is a variety of contributing factors that underscore the disease. For some individuals, becoming addicted to alcohol or drugs is the result of social consequences due to one’s peers primarily being substance abusers. Others become addicted as a result of indulging in their curiosities. There are also those for whom substance abuse was a behavioral characteristic one gets from family members who have also suffered from alcoholism or drug addiction. However, no matter how it occurs, there are a number of repercussions that tend to be experienced by most addicts.

After becoming addicted, individuals experience a profound transformation. Both one’s physical and mental health deteriorate as substance abuse becomes the central, driving force in an individual’s life. Throughout each day, an addict must be continually seeking the next fix in order to keep withdrawal symptoms at bay. Living in this way will eventually result in the loss of one’s job as well as many other opportunities, financial instability, damage of or destruction to one’s relationships, and perhaps even legal repercussions for criminal behaviors. In short, virtually every aspect of an individual’s life is significantly affected by the development of an addiction.

Fortunately, recovery is both possible and attainable. While many have achieved lasting success in addiction treatment programs, twelve-step support groups have allowed millions upon millions of alcoholics and drug addicted to reclaim their health and independence. Having first started in the 1930s, Alcoholics Anonymous is the first and original twelve-step support group for which the renowned Twelve Steps were created. The Twelve Steps provide individuals who have suffered physically, mentally, and spiritually from the effects of addiction with a means of achieving a comprehensive recovery, emphasizing the role that spiritual awakening has in the recovery process. Moreover, an important part of the twelve-step method involves a concept known as sponsorship. Therefore, the following will define sponsorship and provide basic tips for twelve-step newcomers who are or might soon be looking for a sponsor.

What Exactly is the Purpose of a Twelve-Step Sponsor?

girl with her sponsor

While there are several important components to the twelve-step method, sponsorship is arguably the most important. After joining a twelve-step support group, newcomers are encouraged to choose a sponsor who will serve as his or her guide while working each of the Twelve Steps. Half mentor and half tutor, the sponsor help the sponsee to thoroughly learn each step, including its underlying or symbolic purposes as well as the role that each step plays in the cumulative twelve-step recovery process. Moreover, the sponsor-sponsee relationship becomes and remains a very important, valuable resource for someone who has only just begin his or her recovery. A sponsee will learn that the sponsor always makes himself or herself available, which is particularly useful when the newcomer is experiencing cravings or is otherwise feeling tempted to relapse and begin using alcohol or drugs again.

In effect, an important part of finding sponsorship is having someone who will is an individual’s avid supporter, who will coach the newcomer through the process of recovery while also giving him or her straightforward advice when and where it’s needed. To an extent, the relationship is almost like a partnership as a sponsor becomes personally invested in the sponsee’s recovery; however, with the Twelfth Step involving becoming a newcomer’s sponsor, the relationship is as important to the sponsor — who has already worked the Twelve Steps and likely accrued an extended period of sober time — as it is to the sponsee still trying to overcome addiction.

What to Look for in a Support Group Sponsor

When choosing a sponsor, there are several things that a newcomer should keep in mind. First and foremost, and effective sponsor should be very experienced in the twelve-step method and be extremely secure in his or her sobriety as an individual who is still unsure of his or her sobriety is in a very poor position to reinforce anyone else’s sobriety. In fact, it’s often recommended for newcomers to choose one of the individuals in the group who has the longest amount of time spent free from alcohol and/or drugs. Additionally, it’s often recommended that heterosexual individuals don’t choose a sponsor of the opposite sex and homosexuals don’t choose a sponsor of the same sex; since a sponsor and sponsee spend a lot of time together, one or both parties becoming romantically or sexually interested in the other will render the relationship less effective and could compromise the newcomer’s progress. In other words, an attraction between two individuals can interfere with the therapeutic value of the relationship.

It’s a good idea for a newcomer — especially someone who’s attempting twelve-step recovery for the first time and, therefore, is inexperienced with minimal knowledge of the Twelve Steps — to choose a sponsor who doesn’t already has a lot of sponsees. Although on the one hand this could be a sign of an individual being an effective or skilled sponsor, it also means that the individual will likely be stretched incredibly thin, limiting the amount of time they can possibly devote to each sponsee. Finally, one should trust his or her instincts when choosing a sponsor. If a newcomer simply has an instinctive, “gut” feeling than an individual doesn’t seem trustworthy, he or she should not choose that individual to be his or her sponsor. Conversely, if a newcomer has a strong, positive feeling about someone, he or she should trust that feeling.

Watch Out: Common Pitfalls of Sponsorship

Everyone is different and has different ways of handling or dealing with certain situations. It’s important to choose a sponsor who has a similar style of conduct as the sponsee. For instance, a sponsor who micro-manages his or her sponsors would not be the best fit for someone who tends to dislike authority or being told what to do; unfortunately, micro-managing sponsees is reported to be somewhat common among twelve-step sponsors. With the sponsor-sponsee relationship being such an important part of a newcomer’s recovery process, it’s possible that an immoral sponsor could use the relationship as an opportunity to take advantage of him or her, whether for sexual reasons or otherwise, making it important that individuals take note of misconduct.

Free Yourself from Alcohol or Drugs — Call the Palm Beach Institute Today

There are many ways to achieve long-lasting sobriety. While some individuals have had great success in twelve-step groups like Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous, others preferred enrolling in an inpatient or outpatient program at an addiction recovery facility. If you or someone you love would benefit from learning more about the recovery options that are available, the Palm Beach Institute is here to help. Call us now for a free consultation and assessment. Don’t become another casualty of addiction; begin a life of health and happiness with just a single phone call. 

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